Archive for February 2012

Syllabus of principles of economics I. Com. 1 (All Boards of Pakistan)



Syllabus of principles of economics     I. Com. 1

(All Boards of Pakistan)

 

PART ONE:    MICRO ECONOMICS
     1)            WHAT IS ECONOMICS:
Nature, Scope and Methods of Economic Analysis, Importance of Economics
     2)            DEMAND AND SUPPLY:
Individual and Market demand, Changes in demand, Elasticity of demand, Measurement of Elasticity of Demand. Supply, Law of Supply, Supply and Stock, Elasticity of Supply. Equilibrium with Demand and Supply.
     3)            CONSUMER’S DEMAND THEORY:
Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility, Law of Equi. Marginal Utility, Consumer’s Equilibrium (Cardinal Approach).
     4)            COST AND REVENUES OF A FIRM:
Types of cost, Fixed Cost, Variable Cost, Total Cost, Average Cost, Marginal Cost, Opportunity Cost, Total Revenue, Average Revenue and Marginal Revenue.
     5)            LAW OF RETURN:
Law of Diminishing Return, Law of Increasing Return, Law of Constant Return, Laws of Cost.
     6)            PRICE AND OUTPUT DETERMINATION:
Perfect Competition, Condition of Perfect Competition, Price and Output Determination under Perfect Competition and Monopoly.
     7)            FACTORS PRICING:
Marginal Productivity Theory of Demand for Factor, Factors of Production (Short Introduction).
PART TWO:     MACRO ECONOMICS
  1)     NATIONAL INCOME:
Measurement of National Income: Production, Income and Expenditure Method. Various Concepts of National Income: GDP, GNP, NNP, NI, PI, DPI. Circular Flow of National Income.
 2)      MONEY:
What is Money? Functions of Money, Quantity Theory of Money, Inflation, Deflation and its Effects.
 3)      TRADE CYCLE:
Phases of Trade Cycle and Theories of Trade Cycles.
 4)      INTERNATIONAL TRADE:
Role of International Trade, Specialization in International Trade, Comparative Advantage Theory, Balance of Payment.
 5)      PUBLIC FINANCE:
Concept of Public Finance, Canon of Taxation, Zakat and Usher.    

Recommended Book: Principles of Economics by Ahsan Khan, Latest Edition, Urdu or English Medium.
Tuesday, 28 February 2012
Posted by Ahsan Khan

SYLLABUS, B.COM – II Paper:- BC – 407: (Economics of Pakistan) UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB, LAHORE.


SYLLABUS UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB, LAHORE.
B.COM – II
Paper:- BC – 407: (Economics of Pakistan)


1- ECOMOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND ITS REQUISITES:
            Mineral, power, water, forest and Human resources. Influence of resources on economic and social development.

2- DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES:

3- AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT:
            Main products, Food problems, Prices of agricultural products and Government polices, collective and co-operative Farming, Agricultural Finance: Problems and remedies, Marketing of Agricultural products and problems related there to.

4- INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT:
            Present position and prospects. Industrial finance and financial Institutions, Localizations of Industries, Private and Public Investment, Large Scale, Small Scale and Cottage Industries, SAMEDA, Marketing of Industrial Products.

5- TRADE:
            Main Exports and Imports, Volume, Value and trends in foreign trade and Balance of Payments.

6- TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION:
            Development of means of Transport and Communication and their role in economic development.

7- ECONOMIC PLANNING, BUDGETING AND DEBT FINANCING:

Recommended Book: Economics of Pakistan by Ahsan Khan, 6th or Latest Edition

Posted by Ahsan Khan

Syllabus of (B.COM – I) BC-303: ECONOMICS, UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB, LAHORE, PAKISTAN


Syllabus

UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB, LAHORE, PAKISTAN (B.COM – I)

BC-303: ECONOMICS

     1)            INTRODUCTION:
Definition, Nature, Scope and Importance (Micro and Macro) Economics Description, Analysis and Policy; Economic Methodology.
     2)            CONSUMPTION:
Definition and meaning, Diminishing Marginal Utility, Consumer’s Surplus, Law of Substitution; Indifference Curves. Consumer’s Equilibrium with Indifference Curves, Price and Income effect.
     3)            DEMAND & SUPPLY:
Definition and meaning, Curves, Elasticity of Demand and its measurement. Income and Cross Elasticity. Supply, Changes in supply. Elasticity of Supply, Market Equilibrium Analysis.
     4)            PRODUCTION:
Law of variable proportions. Factors of Production, Land, Labour and its mobility, Capital, its meaning, accumulation of capital, productivity of Capital, Entrepreneur, Functions of Entrepreneur.
     5)            COSTS OF PRODUCTION:
Fixed, Variable, Total, Average and Marginal; Costs over time period. Derivation of short and long run cost curves.
     6)            MARKET:
Perfect and Imperfect Competition, Demand and Supply Relationship. Market Price determination under Perfect Competition, Monopoly and Monopolistic Completion, Oligopoly, Duopoly (Basic Concepts).
     7)            FACTORS PRICING:
Rent, Wages, Interest and Profit.
     8)            NATIONAL INCOME:
Measurement of National Income, Concepts of National Income-GNP, National income market price, at factor Cost, Measurement of National Product in current price and in constant prices.
     9)            PUBLIC FINANCE:
Meaning, Difference between Private and Public Finance, Kinds of Taxes and Cannons of Taxation.
10)            ECONOMICS IN ISLAM:
Economic role of State in Islam, Zakat and Usher.
11)            MATHEMATICAL ECONOMICS:
Differentiation of functions. Partial differentiation. Application of derivatives in Business/ Commerce, Optimization. (Maximization and Minimization)

Recommended Book: Economics by Ahsan Khan, 6th or Latest Edition
Posted by Ahsan Khan

Syllabus of Business Economics for MBA III, Federal Urdu University Pakistan by Ahsan Khan


Business Economics

For MBA Semester III, Federal Urdu University. Pakistan

Course Outline
·         Nature and Micro and Macro Economics
·         Price Theory.
·         Theory of firm.
·         Perfect competition.
·         Monopoly and Monopolistic Competition.
·         Theory of national income and Employment.
·         Multiplier.
·         Principles of Acceleration.
·         Trade Cycle.
·         Fiscal and Monetary Policies. 

Recommended Books

o        Managerial Economics & Business Strategy by Ahsan Khan (2013-14)
o        Economics Problems Policies by McConnell Brue. Prentice Hall Inc. 2005
o        Economics Principles and Policies by William J Baumol and Alab S.
o        Blinder McGraw Hill Inc 2002.




Posted by Ahsan Khan

Important questions or guess paper of Principles of Economics for I COM english for examination 2012



IMPORTANT QUESTIONS  FOR EXAMINATION 2012.
I. COM. (PART 1)       2010-11

RECOMMENDED BOOK:                     PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS           AUTHOR: AHSAN KHAN    
(0300-8046243) (ahsankhaneco@yahoo.com) (www.ahsankhaneco.blogspot.com)
Q #
QUESTIONS
P #
1

2
3
4
5

6

7
8
9

10

11

12

13

14

15
16

17

18
19

20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Discuss the Definition of Adam Smith in Detail with its Characteristics and Criticism?
Make comparison between Marshall and Robbins definitions of economics?
What are economic laws? Describe the features of economic laws.
What is the importance of studying economics?
Explain the Law of Demand with its Assumptions. Also Illustrate it by Schedule and Graph?
Explain the Concept of Elasticity of Demand. How the Elasticity of Demand is Measured?
What are the Various Types of Elasticity of Demand?
Define the Law of Supply and Explain it with the help of Table and Graph?
Differentiate between the Extension & Rise in Supply and Contraction & Fall in Supply?
Explain the equilibrium of demand and supply with the help of schedule and diagram?
Explain the law of diminishing marginal utility with the help of schedule and diagram?
Explain the law of equi-marginal utility. What are its limitations and practical importance?
Explain and Illustrate the Cost Curves of the firm in the Short Run and Long Run?
Explain the law of diminishing (marginal) return with the help of schedule and diagram?
Explain the laws of cost with the help of schedule and diagram?
Define perfect competition. Explain equilibrium of the firm in the short run and long run.
Define monopoly. How price and output is determined under monopoly in the short run and long run.
Explain the marginal productivity theory with its criticism?
Define National Income and Discuss the Various Concepts of National Income?
What are the Methods of Measuring/Accounting National Income?
What is inflation? Discuss its causes and measures.
What is deflation? Explain its causes and measures to control.
Critically examine quantity theory of money?
Define trade cycle or business cycle. Also explain the phases of trade cycle?
Define economic or business cycle? Explain its various theories.
What is the role of foreign trade in economic development of Pakistan?
Describe the various canons OR principles of taxation?
What is tax? Discuss various types of taxation?
What is the difference between Zakat and Tax?
Explain the meaning of Zakat and usher. Also discuss the impact of Zakat on the economy?
01

06
17
24
34

39

43
55
56

69

76

78

86

98

104
112

118

128
148

150
170
173
176
184
186
195
210
212
218
220

Wednesday, 15 February 2012
Posted by Ahsan Khan

Important Questions/Guess paper of Economics for B. Com. 1 (2012)



ECONOMICS (BC - 303)
IMPORTANT QUESTIONS                          FOR B. COM. PART 1
(Secession                              2011 - 12)
By: Ahsan Khan (Lecturer) (0300-8046243) (ahsankhaneco@yahoo.com) (www.ahsankhaneco.blogspot.com)

SR. #
QUESTIONS
PAGE #
01
Explain the Law of Diminishing Marginal utility with the help of schedule and diagram.
27
02
Explain the Consumer’s Equilibrium through Indifference Curve Analysis.         
46
03
Define Elasticity of Demand. How it can be measured?
65
04
Explain the law of Variable proportion with the help of Schedule and Diagram.        
105
05
What is monopoly? How is price and output determined under monopoly?
145
06
Discuss in detail the Liquidity Preference Theory of Interest?          
165
07
Define National Income and explain various methods of its Measurement?
182
08
Cost of Production and Partial Derivatives from Mathematical Economics.
230,255
09
Explain the Law of Equi. Marginal Utility with the help of Schedule and Diagram?
31
10
What is Indifference Curve? Discuss the Major Properties?
39
11
What are the Various Types of Elasticity of Demand? Explain with mathematical examples.
70
12
Explain the Law of Diminishing (marginal) Return with the help of Schedule and Diagram?
108
13
Explain and Illustrate the Cost Curves of the firm in the Short Run and Long Run?
127
14
Define Monopolistic Competition. How Price and Output is Determined under Monopolistic Competition?
150
15
Define Perfect competition. How Price and Output is Determined Under Monopoly?
139
16
Explain the Marginal Productivity Theory with its Criticism?
163
17
Critically Examine the Ricardian Theory of Rent?
169
18
Define National Income and Discuss the Various Concepts of National Income?
179
19
Discuss Various Types and Canons of Taxation?
202,205
20
Differentiate between Zakat and Tax? Also discuss the impact of Zakat.
219,222

Recommended Book:
Economics               6th Edition (2011-12)
By: Ahsan Khan

Posted by Ahsan Khan

Important Questions/Guess paper of Economics of Pakistan B. Com. 2 (2012)


ECONOMICS OF PAKISTAN (BC - 407)
IMPORTANT QUESTIONS              FOR B. COM. PART-2
(Secession                  2011 - 12)
By: Ahsan Khan (Lecturer) (0300-8046243) (ahsankhaneco@yahoo.com) (www.ahsankhaneco.blogspot.com)

SR. #
QUESTIONS
PAGE #
01
What are the various characteristics of underdeveloped countries like Pakistan?
01
02
What is economic development? How can you measure the economic development of a country like Pakistan?
13
03
What are the pre-requisites of economic development? How far do they exist in Pakistan?
50
04
Give merits and demerits of agricultural mechanization in Pakistan.
82
05
Discuss the role and problems of capital formation in economic development of Pakistan.
54
06
“Pakistan is an Agrarian Economy”. Still its yield per acre is low. Do you agree with the statement? Please elaborate.
77
07
What are the causes of industrial backwardness of our country?
137
08
What is the impact of privatization policy of the government of Pakistan?
148
09
What are the problems of agriculture finance? Suggest remedies to solve the problems of agriculture finance.
137
10
What is difference between balance of trade and balance of payment? What are the causes of adverse balance of payment in Pakistan? Suggest measures to improve it.
197
11
Briefly discuss the difficulties faced by Pakistan railways and their remedies.
219
12
Internal and foreign debts are burden on the economy of Pakistan. Give suggestions for the retirement of debts.
272
13
What is meant by human capital? What are the problems of human capital formation in an under developed country like Pakistan?
170
14
Please enumerate causes of unemployment in Pakistan and also suggest remedies.
176
15
What is co-operative farming? It is not successful in Pakistan. Give suggestions.
161
16
“Means of transport and communication are vital for economic development”. Briefly discuss.
215
17
Critically examine the importance of motorway project in the economy of Pakistan.
224
18
Role of ZTBL
102
19
Role of  IDBP
145
20
Define manpower and also explain its silent features.
187

Recommended Book:
Economics of Pakistan 6th Edition (2011-12)
By: Ahsan Khan

Posted by Ahsan Khan

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